Medical Image Perception & Performance

REFERENCES

EYE-POSITION RECORDING
[1] Nodine CF, Kundel HL, Toto LC, Krupinski EA. Recording and analyzing eye- position data using a microcomputer workstation. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers 1992;24:475-485.

THEORY & SEARCH MODEL
[2] Kundel HL, Nodine CF. A visual concept shapes image perception. Radiology 1983;146:363-368. 

[3] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Thickman D, Toto L. Searching for lung nodules : a comparison of human performance with random and systematic scanning models. Invest Radiol 1987;22:417-422. 

[4] Nodine CF, Kundel HL. The cognitive side of visual search in radiology. In : JK O'Regan, A. Levy-Schoen eds. Eye Movements: From Physiology to Cognition, New York : Elsevier Science; 1987: 573-582.

PULMONARY NODULE SEARCH
[5] Carmody DP, Kundel HL, Nodine CF. Comparison scans while reading chest images : taught but not practiced. Invest Radiol 1984;19:462-466. 

[6] Carmody DP, Nodine CF, Kundel HL. Global and segmented search for lung tumors of different edge gradients. Invest Radiol 1980;15:224-233. 

[7] Krupinski EA, Nodine CF, Kundel HL. Perceptual enhancement of tumor targets in chest x-ray images. Perception & Psychophysics 1993;53:519-526. 

[8] Krupinski EA, Nodine CF, Kundel HL. A perceptually based method for enhancing pulmonary nodule recognition. Invest Radiol 1993;28:289-294. 

[9] Kundel HL, Nodine CF. Interpreting chest radiographs without visual search. Radiology 1975;116:527-532. 

[10] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Carmody D. Visual scanning, pattern recognition and decision-making in pulmonary nodule detection. Invest Radiol 1978;13:175-181. 

[11] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Krupinski EA. Searching for lung nodules : visual dwell indicates locations of false-positive and false-negative decisions. Invest Radiol 1989;24:472-478. 

[12] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Krupinski EA. Computer-displayed eye position as a visual aid to pulmonary tumor interpretation. Invest Radiol 1990;25:890-896. 

[13] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Toto L. Eye movements and the detection of lung tumors in chest images. In : AG Gale, F Johnson eds. Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Eye Movement Research, New York : Elsevier Science; 1984: 297-304. 

[14] Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Toto LC. Searching for lung nodules : the guidance of visual search. Invest Radiol 1991; 26:777-781. 

[15] Kundel HL, Wright DJ. The influence of prior knowledge on visual search strategies during the viewing of chest radiographs. Radiology 1969;93:315-320. 

[16] Nodine CF, Krupinski EA, Kundel HL. A perceptually-based algorithm provides effective visual feedback to radiologists searching for lung nodules. Proceedings of the First Conference on Visualization in Biomedical Computing 1990:202-207. 

[17] Nodine CF, Kundel HL. Using eye movements to study visual search and to improve tumor detection. RadioGraphics 1987;7:1241-1250. 

[18] Nodine CF, Kundel HL, Polikoff JB, Toto LC. Using eye movements to study decision making of radiologists. In : G Luer, U Lass, J Shallo-Hoffman eds. Eye Movement research : Physiological and Psychological Aspects, Gottigen : CJ Hogrefe Publ.; 1988: 349-363. 

SKELETAL SEARCH
[19] Hu CH, Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Krupinski EA, Toto LC. Searching for bone fractures : a comparison with pulmonary nodule search. Acad Radiol 1994;1:25-32. 

[20] Krupinski EA, Lund PJ. Why does it take longer to diagnose x-ray images from monitors than film? Acad Radiol 1996, Submitted.

MAMMOGRAPHY SEARCH
[21] Krupinski EA. Visual scanning patterns of radiologists searching mammograms. Acad Radiol 1996;3:137-144.

[22] Krupinski EA, Nishikawa RM. Comparison of eye-position vs computer identified microcalcification clusters on mammograms. Med Physics 1996; In Press.

[23] Krupinski EA, Nodine CF. Gaze duration predicts the locations of missed lesions in mammography. In : AG Gale et al. eds. Digital Mammography, New York : Elsevier Science;1994:399-403.

ROLE OF EXPERIENCE IN SEARCH
[24] Krupinski EA. Influence of experience on scanning strategies in mammography. SPIE Medical Imaging Proceedings 1996;2712:95-101.

[25] Kundel HL, LaFollette PS. Visual search patterns and experience with radiological images. Radiology 1981;81:288-292.

[26] Nodine CF, Kundel HL, Lauver SC, Toto LC. The nature of expertise in searching mammograms for breast lesions. SPIE Medical Imaging Proceedings 1996;2712:89-94.

SATISFACTION OF SEARCH
[27] Berbaum KS, Franken EA, Dorfman DD, Miller EM, Krupinski EA, Kreinbring K, Caldwell RT, Lu CH. The cause of satisfaction of search effects in contrast studies of the abdomen. Invest Radiol 1996; 3:815-826.

[28] Samuels S, Kundel HL, Nodine CF, Toto LC. Mechanism of satisfaction of search : eye position recordings in the reading of chest radiographs. Radiology 1995;94:895-902.

EYE-POSITION RECORDING & CAD
[29] Krupinski EA, Nishikawa RM. Comparison of eye position versus computer identified microcalcification clusters on mammograms. Med Phys 1997;24:17-23.

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